Introductory Concepts and Definitions
Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics encompass a huge range of topics which deal with the behavior of gasses and liquids. In UE we will focus mainly on the topic subset called Aerodynamics, with a bit af Aerostatics in the beginning.
Mechanics: The oldest physical science that deals with both stationary and moving bodies under the influence of forces.
Statics: The branch of mechanics that deals with bodies at rest.
Dynamics: The branch that deals with bodies in motion.
Fluid mechanics: The science that deals with the behavior of fluids at rest (fluid statics) or in motion (fluid dynamics), and the interaction of fluids with solids or other fluids at the boundaries.
Fluid dynamics: Fluid mechanics is also referred to as fluid dynamics by considering fluids at rest as a special case of motion with zero velocity.
Hydrodynamics: The study of the motion of fluids that can be approximated as incompressible (such as liquids, especially water, and gases at low speeds).
Hydraulics: A subcategory of hydrodynamics, which deals with liquid flows in pipes and open channels.
Gas dynamics: Deals with the flow of fluids that undergo significant density changes, such as the flow of gases through nozzles at high speeds.
Aerodynamics: Deals with the flow of gases (especially air) over bodies such as aircraft, rockets, and automobiles at high or low speeds.
Meteorology, oceanography, and hydrology: Deal with naturally occurring flows.
Fluid Mechanics subject contents :
- Properties of Fluids
- Pressure and Its Measurement
- Hydrostatic Forces on Surfaces
- Buoyancy and Floatation
- Kinematics of Flow and Ideal Flow
- Dynamics of Fluid Flow
- Orifices and Mouthpieces
- Notches and Weirs
- Viscous Flow
- Turbulent Flow
- Flow Through Pipes
- Dimensional and Model Analysis
- Boundary Layer Flow
- Forces on Sub-merged Bodies
- Compressible Flow
- Flow in Open Channels
- Impact of Jets and Jet Propulsion
- Hydraulic Machines – Turbines
- Centrifugal Pumps
- Reciprocating Pumps
- Fluid System
Fluid Mechanics ebooks :